If you’re a real estate investor looking at selling a property, or if you’re thinking of buying a property now and thinking long term about selling it, then you might be worried about what taxes you’ll incur. In this blog post you’ll read about investment property taxes capital gains – what St. Louis investors should know about capital gains.
Before you read further, you should be aware that this information is provided in general to a wide range of readers – each person reading in a different area inside or outside of MO, perhaps with different corporate structures, any many other factors. So we’re providing a helpful overview but you should always talk to an accountant and tax attorney before making any final decisions for yourself.
Different Types Of Tax For Different Types Of Income
There are different types of tax for different types of income. For example, straight income that comes in from a job might be taxes as regular income at your regular tax rate. But other types of income may be taxed at a different tax rate. For a stock market investor, for example, income derived from dividends have their own tax rate. And for real estate investors, you should be aware that income derived from capital gains on the sale of a property has its own tax rate.
What Are Investment Property Taxes Capital Gains?
Let’s start back at the basics: When you buy a property, you pay a price; when you sell a property, you get what the next buyer pays you. The difference between the price you bought the property for and what you sold the property for is the capital gain. Let’s say you bought the property for $100,000 and you sold it for $125,000. The capital gain is $25,000 and this is the income that is taxed at the capital gain rate.
Jeb Smith explained capital gains in real estate.
Why Do Capital Gains Have A Different Rate?
Capital gains tax rates are usually less than the rate you pay for your regular income. There are a couple of reasons why capital gains are taxed differently: one of the reasons is because the gain can be quite substantial on a piece of real estate so a normal tax rate can be quite prohibitive to pay, so a capital gains tax rate is like keeping extra money in your pocket. The other reason is because the government wanted to encourage the buying and selling of assets (which is good for the economy) so they provided an incentive (a lower rate) to do so.
Example: To calculate long-term capital gains tax is generally to find the difference between what you paid for your property and how much you sold it for—adjusting for commissions or fees. Depending on your income level, your capital gain will be taxed federally at either 0%, 15% or 20%.
Capital Gains On Investment Property Versus Your Primary Residence
You should be aware that capital gains on your residence (the house you live in) may be treated differently than other property you own. Some important factors include: whether you live in the house and for how long, or whether it’s a secondary property (such as a cottage) or an investment property such as a rental property. You should talk to a tax attorney about this because the situation will be different for everyone.
- Selling rental properties can earn investors immense profits, but may result in significant capital gains tax burdens.
- The capital gains tax rate is 15% if you’re married filing jointly with taxable income between $78,750 and $488,850.
- There are various methods of reducing capital gains tax, including tax-loss harvesting, using Section 1031 of the tax code, and converting your rental property into your primary place of residence.